Technology adoption and digitization is powering the construction of 5G networks to meet the needs of users and vertical industries as its applications continue to expand in the medical, education, industrial and agricultural sectors, forming a business model that can be replicated and promoted, and accelerate the development of its network scale.
TrendForce estimates that Huawei and leading technology companies will account for 74.5% of the global base station market by 2022.
By 2022, China will be the most active nation in investing in the 5G field with several cities promoting the construction of 5G base stations and integrating 5G into manufacturing. At the same time, they will focus on key industries such as healthcare, IoT (Internet of Things) and government affairs to drive the implementation of 5G applications.
However, concerns over geopolitical tensions in various countries mean that open source networks are seen as the solution to the problem of vendor lock-in. Whether in terms of security or cost, open source software is extremely critical to the development of 5G networks.
In addition to improving operational efficiency, it can accelerate the implementation of network resiliency, but compared to a traditional radio access network (RAN), Open RAN has more security issues. TrendForce believes that, with the evolution of 5G deployment to the Open RAN core and cloud, equipment manufacturers will strengthen network protection mechanisms and RAN threat detection to reduce risk.
Huawei as a major player in the world's base station manufacturing Huawei is continuously progressing into different markets and actively deploying network bases in several countries. These include South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Vietnam and Brazil. The world's largest telecommunications equipment manufacturer is working to expand its presence and working closely with multinational MTN, Africa's largest telecommunications company, to build more than 2,500 5G base stations in South Africa.
A base station is a common term used in telecommunications for a radio receiver with one or more antennas. While the base station has many other applications, it is often used for mobile telephony, wireless communications and even wireless computer networks. Such a base station serves as a central connection point for a wireless device to communicate.
It also connects the device to other networks or devices, usually through dedicated fiber optic or high-bandwidth cable connections. Base stations are generally a transceiver, capable of sending and receiving wireless signals; otherwise, if they would only transmit signals, they are considered a transmitter or transmission point. A base station will have one or more radio frequency (RF) antennas to transmit and receive RF signals to other devices.
Base stations are also known as 5G cellular Internet towers. As the demand for cellular devices increases, the number of cellular base stations required will increase. In addition, an increasing number of people use their cell phones for data-intensive operations, which puts pressure on existing towers.
Therefore, more base stations will only help to improve transmission between cell tower antennas and devices.
The report indicates that major equipment manufacturers will start to standardize network energy efficiency assessments to accelerate green innovation from 2022, thus helping operators to create optimal energy-saving network applications and launch more energy-efficient hardware, such as the eco-designed RF chain, and use simplified transmitter/receiver structure and new network-based architecture design, including radio access network (RAN) cloud and network function virtualization.
Climate change is a phenomenon that affects all countries and people around the world. Therefore, to meet the climate actions of the UN Sustainable Development Goal. Huawei's goal is to reduce carbon emissions by 45% by 2030 and achieve net zero emissions by 2040 to meet the growing demand for data traffic and actively build a green, low-carbon network.