Friday, 22 January 2021 09:38

Economic situation worsened for 8 out of 10 salvadorans in 2020, according to IUDOP

Written by Cindy Moreno

The salvadoran population expresses a decrease in optimism when giving their opinion about the country's situation, compared to the data obtained at the end of 2019, according to the latest survey presented by the University Institute of Public Opinion (IUDOP) of Universidad Centroamericana "José Simeón Cañas" (UCA).


The survey conducted between December 6 and 15, 2020, counted with a representative sample of the total salvadoran population aged 18 and older residing in the country. The final sample was of 1266 interviews and had a margin of error of plus or minus 2.7% and a 95% confidence level.


Delving into citizens' opinions on the country's economy at the end of 2020, the data show that 4 out of 10 salvadorans believe that the country's economic situation worsened compared to 2019; while 38.3% indicated that it remained the same and 21% said that it improved.

More than half of the population said they had not perceived changes in the prices of basic products, 41.7% stated that these had increased and only 6.7% of salvadorans said that prices had experienced a reduction in 2020. When making a comparison with the results of this indicator in 2019, the data show similar figures.

Another aspect consulted in this study was the citizen assessments on the security situation. In the first place, 6 out of 10 salvadorans thought that crime in the country had decreased and 5 out of 10 thought that the insecurity felt in the country had been reduced at the end of 2020.

In addition, according to data from this study, 9.3% of salvadorans indicated that they had been victims of a criminal act during the year.

However, the survey also reveals that, although there is a generally positive assessment in terms of security, approximately 1 in 10 salvadorans witnessed police or military mistreatment of a third party in 2020.

In relation to migration, 4 out of 10 respondents said that the migration of salvadorans abroad had decreased, 34.3% said it had remained the same, and 22.8% responded that it had increased. Nearly 3 out of 10 salvadorans indicated that they wish to migrate or move to another country. The main reasons for wanting to migrate are 85.8% economic, among them: to improve their income and family economy, to find a better job or to improve their quality of life and their future.

A noteworthy fact in this study is that several of the main counterweight institutions within the salvadoran state apparatus, such as: the Attorney General's Office (5.43), the Human Rights Defense Office (5.42), the Supreme Court of Justice (4.99) and the Attorney General's Office (4.97) obtained citizen disapproval for the work performed during the year 2020.

Last modified on Friday, 22 January 2021 09:46